Past Infinitive & Passé Récent

The Past Infinitive

The past infinitive is formed by using the correct helper verb (avoir or être) in its infinitive form and the past participle of the verb showing the action. The past infinitive is used:

To express a previous action regardless of the English translation:

Il est parti sans avoir dit “au revoir.” (He left without saying goodbye.)

Elle a été renvoyée pour avoir menti. (She was fired for lying [having lied].)

After the preposition après:

Après être rentrée, je me reposerai. (After returning [having returned] home, I’ll relax.)

Je te téléphonerai après avoir mangé. (I’ll call you after eating [having eaten].)

 

To modify the verb in the main clause:
J’aurais préféré t’avoir vu hier. (I would have preferred seeing you yesterday.)

Il se rappelle d’être venu ici il y a un an.(He remembers coming here a year ago.)

To modify the adjective in the main clause:
Je suis ravi de t’avoir vu. (I’m delighted to have seen you.)

Il est content d’être venu ici il y a un an. (He’s happy that he came here a year ago.)

To express gratitude:
Je vous remercie de m’avoir aidé. (I thank you for helping me.)

Merci de m’avoir envoyé la lettre. (Thank you for sending me the letter.)

 

 

Passé Récent

 

Definition: A verb construction used to express something that just happened.

Formation: Present tense of venir + the preposition de + infinitive of action verb

Examples:

Je viens de voir Luc.
I just saw Luc.

Il vient d’arriver.
He just arrived.

Nous venons de manger.
We just ate.

Je venais de sortir

I had just gone out

 

Practice Time:

Past Infinitive

http://www.tolearnfrench.com/exercises/exercise-french-2/exercise-french-4113.php

This one combines the past infinitive with some other verbs/vocab.

http://www.quia.com/cb/112233.html

http://french.about.com/library/weekly/aa082600t.htm

 

Tex’s Grammar has a small section on après avoir/être as part of his notes on the infinitive. The whole page is well worth a read. Do all the exercises at the end too.

http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/vinf1.html

Passé Récent

http://www.francaisfacile.com/exercices/exercice-francais-2/exercice-francais-12333.php

http://wps.prenhall.com/ca_ph_parmentier_enbons_7/46/11984/3068090.cw/content/

http://www.imagiers.net/qcm/?p=27

http://www.quia.com/quiz/1865843.html?AP_rand=157134059

http://lecoinducervanties.wordpress.com/2011/04/24/le-passe-recent/

 

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